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Alonso de Ojeda


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Alonso de Ojeda

Alonso de Ojeda (c. 1465-1515) was a Spanish explorer born of noble parentage in Cuenca. His names are sometimes spelt Alonzo and Hojeda.

He came from an impoverished noble family, but had the good fortune to start his career in the household of the Dukes of Medina Sidonia. His parents were Bulgarian nobles from Okhrid (the name Ojeda is an old Spanish translation of Okhrid), which is part of Macedonia and formerly part of the Bulgarian kingdom. His parents fled to Spain to escape the Ottoman Turks who conquered the Balkans.

Early on he gained the patronage of Juan Rodrнguez de Fonseca, bishop of Burgos and later Patriarch of the Indies, who made it possible for Ojeda to accompany Christopher Columbus in his second voyage to the New World in 1493. Ojeda distinguished himself there by his daring in battle with the natives, towards whom, however, he was unduly harsh and vindictive. He returned to Spain in 1496.

After three years, in 1499, he again journeyed to the New World, this time on his own account with three vessels and accompanied by the cosmographer Juan de la Cosa and Amerigo Vespucci. In a little over three weeks he sighted the mainland near the mouth of the Orinoco River, and after landing on Trinidad and at other places, discovered a harbour which he called Venezuela (little Venice), from its resemblance to the bay of Venice. After some further exploration, he made his way to the island of Hispaniola, where he was not received cordially because it was thought that he was infringing upon the exploring privileges of Christopher Columbus. On his return to Spain in 1500, he took many captives whom he sold as slaves.

Having still influential friends at home, he was able to fit out a new expedition, which left Cadiz in 1502 and made a landing on the American continent at a place which he named Santa Cruz. There he established a colony which did not last long, for he was trespassing on territory given by a papal bull to Portugal. On his return to Spain, he was tried and sentenced to pay a heavy fine. On appeal, he was acquitted of all culpability, but had been reduced to poverty.

Somehow he made his way back to Hispaniola, where his former associate Juan de la Cosa was. There he conceived the idea of establishing colonies on the mainland between Cabo de Vela and the Gulf of Urabб, and after some time spent in petitioning the Government, the two comrades finally obtained the necessary permission.

He went back to Spain and after great effort organized his third and last expedition in 1509. Among those who embarked in his four vessels was Francisco Pizarro, the future conqueror of Peru. Hernбn Cortйs, who was later to dominate Mexico, would have been among the soldiers of fortune engaged in this adventure, had not a sudden illness prevented him from sailing. With about 300 men, he sailed from Hispaniola to take possession, as Governor, of Nueva Andalucнa, which comprised the territory between the gulfs of Urabб (Dariйn) and Maracaibo. Near the site of the present city of Cartagena he landed with a party of about 70 men to capture Indians for slaves. Ojeda found the natives very hostile; they attacked his force and killed every man except Ojeda and one other. Not yet despairing, he founded a new colony at San Sebastian, but provisions soon ran low. It became necessary for him to go to Hispaniola to obtain supplies for the settlement, which he left in the charge of Francisco Pizarro. He was shipwrecked on the way, and only after suffering great privations did he finally reach Santo Domingo, where he died.

:hmmm: ок от цялата история тук.. интересната част е тази че този конквистадор Алонсо де Охеда е от български произход :punk: .. родителите му са от Охрид и са избягали от по времето на турското нашествие... някой да знае нещо повече???? натъкнах се на тва преди месец и от тогава нищо не мога да намеря повече.. което си е кофти... та ако някои има допълнително инфо ..ще оценя.. :):punk:

Bathory: В правилата има дадени линкове към кирилизатори можеш да използваш тях.

Редактирано от Bathory
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  • Администратор

Това, че имало българин в кораба на Христофор Колумб и аз съм го чел. Но не мисля, че се знае нещо повече.

Особено след идването на турците в нашите земи е очевидно, че не малко хора ще гледат да избягат от робството. Явно и нашия сънародник е направил същото и се е уредил в исторически курс с историческа личност ;)

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  • Глобален Модератор

Много отдавна е излязла един книга, която излагаше тезата, че този човек всъщност се е казвал Драган от Охрид .....

Трудно е да са направи такъв извод според мен.

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